Gardening is the process of growing and cultivating various plants in the soil as a part of horticulture for aesthetic value. Typically, in horticultural gardens, ornamental plants are often grown for their beautiful flowers, leaves, or ornamental appearance; other useful plants, like herbs and vegetables, are grown for their nutrients. The majority of the world’s cultivated plants are used in the garden in some way.
In gardening, water conservation is important to both the gardener and the environment. Water conservation requires careful consideration of how and where the plants get water and how to conserve water. Gardening with rainwater is one way to significantly conserve water. In gardening with rainwater, plants use much less water than they would with a garden that does not use rainwater, for example, using a sprinkler system instead of a hose to spray the plants. Learning how to plant with rain water-conserving tips is beneficial to the environment and the gardener.
Some of the most important parts of gardening are the tools and equipment used for gardening, and the materials used for gardening. Gardening tools include rakes, spades, hand gloves, spades, and shovels. Tools for gardening come in many forms. The most fundamental gardening tools are those used in planting – spades, a trowel, forks, hoes, and hangers. These tools help to make gardening easy, and the more basic the tools the easier gardening becomes for the gardener.
Many people have a misconception about gardening, that all it requires is a “spade” and a “thorn wand”. This is not true! Many gardeners throughout history have made full-time careers out of designing beautiful gardens for their clients. Gardening takes a lot of design effort and research, and the tools used are just as important as the work itself. A gardener who is not using sustainable and recycled materials can damage his or her garden, and the ecosystem that results.
There are a variety of different types of gardens, from fruit and vegetable gardens to flower and herb gardens. Each garden has a specific function and purpose. For example, fruit and vegetable gardens tend to produce food, while flower and herb gardens tend to create beauty in one’s surroundings. Some examples of sustainable and recycled materials used in gardening are organic gardeners compost, peat moss, straw, wood chips, recycled mulch, coconut coir, vermiculite clay, tree stumps, clay pots, soil, river rocks, and grass clippings.
Every gardener needs different amounts of fertilizer, water, sunlight, and space to grow plants. Most gardeners use a combination of methods to achieve a balance of these factors. An example of this is a container garden where several similar plants are planted side by side near each other, and the plant roots provide all the necessary nutrients, water, and air to the roots of the plants nearby.
Gardening can be done in many different ways. There are two basic types of gardening, house planting, and landscape gardening. Within each type of gardening, there are many sub-types, depending on the location of the plants and their needs. An example of house planting is placing a few types of houseplants (i.e. houseplant) in a prominent place in your garden so that they are noticed and used regularly.
As you can see, there are many ways that a gardener can go about creating sustainable gardens. Creating a garden is an intricate process and there is no single way that works for everyone. The key is to find what works for your lifestyle and then build on that. The main article in this series will address some of the basics of gardening and how to go about landscaping your garden.